What is superparamagnetic material
Superparamagnetism, also superparamagnetic effect, describes the magnetic properties of very small particles of a ferromagnetic or ferrimagnetic material, even at temperatures below At the Curie temperature, no permanent magnetization can be maintained if a previously applied magnetic field has been switched off.
Depending on the substance, superparamagnetism occurs below a certain particle size.
The prerequisite for this is that the direction of magnetization of the particles can rotate without great expenditure of energy. To change the direction of magnetization, an energy barrier must be overcome; this is essentially determined by the magnetic anisotropy of the material and the particle size. When this energy barrier is sufficiently low, superparamagnetism occurs. The particle size below which the particles no longer behave ferromagnetically but rather superparamagnetically is also called superparamagnetic limit designated.
M.s has different values depending on the substance. Noticeable: after switching off the magnetic field, there is no remanence (curve runs through the origin).
Superparamagnetism occurs below the Curie temperature, but above a certain temperature dependent on the material and the particle size, which is known as blocking temperature is called.
Superparamagnetic particles are so small that they only form a magnetic domain.
Importance for magnetic storage media
In magnetic data recording, e.g. B. on hard drives, the superparamagnetism represents a physical upper limit of the possible recording density, because very small magnetic grains are required. The reduction in size leads to greater sensitivity to thermal excitation and can lead to a spontaneous loss of magnetization and thus of the stored information.
Therefore, attempts are made to use materials with the highest possible magnetic anisotropy for hard drives. However, this is only possible to the extent that these can still be magnetized by the write head.
Brief heating can make it easier to remagnetize (write) such materials. This method is known as the HAMR technique. heat-assisted magnetic recording) and should enable an increase in the recording density of future magnetic storage media.
Another way to increase storage densities is to use only one per bit instead of many magnetic grains (a few hundred). Then, despite the use of larger grains, very high recording densities can be achieved; however, these grains must be arranged in such a way that the read and write head of the hard disk can follow the rows of grains. Such storage media can be used with the help of lithography techniques such. B. produce electron beam or ion beam lithography, but so far only exist in the laboratory and are as patterned media known.
- ↑ Superparamagnetism and relaxation effects
Chris M. Sorensen: Magnetism. In: Kenneth J. Klabunde (Ed.): Nanoscale Materials in Chemistry. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., New York 2001, ISBN 0-471-38395-3.
- What do publishers have against ad blockers
- Which district is New Port Richey Florida
- Are Redmi K20 and K20 Pro overpriced
- When do you ride your bike?
- Does Audible have credible competitors
- Why data is important in database management
- Why are the intermediates phosphorylated during glycolysis
- Which competitors does Booking com
- What's the longest receipt you've seen
- How do I choose my starting idea
- Why does the thyroid have negative feedback
- Why are Kinder Surprise Eggs so popular
- What are Joe Biden's greatest achievements
- Can Spider Man Saitama's blow survive
- Is ace high or low in poker
- Can I get stomach flu twice
- Do we have economic equality in India?
- What are tulpas and are they dangerous
- What do software automation engineers do
- How was your Umrah experience
- What does guilt mean
- What does it mean to seek
- How can I become a good learner
- Bred Neanderthals and humans