How can I practice BJJ at home

Grappling in Martial Arts: Background, Training & Tips

Grappling is an effective martial art that mainly takes place on the ground. Furthermore, ground fighting makes up a large part of numerous martial arts. However, grappling also exists as a separate martial art.

In this post we introduce techniques, backgrounds and much more about grappling.

the essentials in brief

  • Grappling consists of effective grip, lever and strangulation techniques.
  • Grappling is also known as ground fighting and is part of many martial arts.
  • Grappling trains the entire musculature and improves physical endurance.

Table of Contents

Background of the grappling

The term grappling comes from English and stands for a special grip fight that is made up of different grip methods. Grapple stands for a purposeful holding on. Grappling is also an effective combination of different martial arts. Techniques that are used consist of:

  • Levers and articulated levers
  • Throws
  • Stranglehold
  • Grab handles
  • Clamp handles
  • Takedowns
  • Sweeps

The goal of the techniques of grappling

Numerous effective levers, throws as well as other techniques are aimed at the To put opponents in an awkward position. In addition, in a grappling match, the goal is to motivate your partner to do something, as well as motivate him or her immobilize.

Depending on the martial art in question, kicks and punches are also used. However, the focus is not on pure physical strength or even brutality. Grappling comes closest to being compared to a game of chess. In this type of fight, the rivals want to get a better grip on each other with every single move.

Grappling techniques

  • Clamp handles
  • Drilling Techniques
  • NoGi techniques
  • Gi techniques

Gi techniques are made up of different arm levers and sweeps. The NoGi techniques in turn contain numerous applications from Brazilian Jiu-Jitsu. They include the arm triangle from the bench, the double knee lever, the Morango armlock from the guard, the heelhook defense and the underhook defense in the deep half guard. The double toggle lever has proven itself to be extremely effective in practice. This is due to the sensitivity of the knee joints. The lever does not allow the trapped person to move at all. However, the armbar levers also dominate in grappling.

How do the techniques differ?

  • lever definitely aim to get the opponent to give up a fight. In addition, they differ in terms of the particular joint that is levered. There are arm, elbow, knee or ankle levers.
  • Throwing Techniques however, pursue the goal of putting the opponent in an unfavorable position. The intention behind this is to then implement a lever or handle that helps to win.
  • Holding and clip handles also act as a tool to successfully win the respective battle. However, the opponent has the opportunity to free himself with a hold or a clamp grip.
  • Choke and lever techniques on the other hand, because of the pain, force you to give up immediately.

Practice grappling

If you want to improve your techniques and train at home, here are a few tips on how to practice grappling at home.

What muscles should grappling fans train?

Even if it seems illogical at first glance, it is still important to train the abdominal and back muscles regularly. All techniques require a lot of effort, which comes from the entire body. Even if some fighters do not notice it, they always tense their abdominal and back muscles when using the handles, lever techniques or throws.

Since the arm and leg muscles also play an important role in performing the grappling techniques, it requires intensive training. Because the levers are aimed at the elbow and knee joints, strong muscles around this region of the body are imperative.

Many martial artists neglect their neck muscles during training. However, you should train these as regularly as the other muscles. In this way, grappling fans prevent injuries.

How can martial artists practice grappling and improve in the process?

Martial artists who train judo, Brazilian jiu-jitsu, mixed martial arts, luta livre, aiki jujutsu, wrestling and daito-ryu also practice grappling in their dojo. However, as with any other activity, this martial art is dominated by the following principle: Practice creates masters. Grappling can only be practiced with a partner. The trick is to train with different people. Martial artists learn the most from this.

People who train grappling with a more experienced martial artist benefit from their experience, knowledge and skills. On the other hand, if you practice ground combat with a fighter who has not been around for that long, you will also improve in many ways, as you can bring your own knowledge to the loser. This way they learn a lot themselves.

Partner exercises & grappling dummy

Partner exercises are an indispensable part of grappling. Thanks to them, martial artists learn a lot. In the case of individual exercises, on the other hand, you do not have the opportunity to test the techniques under real conditions. However, it helps to have the lever, strangle and grab handles with one too "Imaginary partner" perform. This type of individual exercise requires a high level of concentration. Furthermore, every process and every exercise starts in the head. This results in a better result in the ground fight. Individual exercises on the "Dry" should therefore also be an integral part of the training.

So that partner exercises can also be practiced alone, there are training dolls, so-called grappling dummies:


In which martial arts is grappling used?

In the martial arts, grappling is the general term used for the Ground fighting. However, it is also a sport in its own right. Judo, Brazilian Jiu-Jitsu and mixed martial arts include ground fighting in their program. That is why grappling is one of the martial arts mentioned. The following martial arts also practice this ground fight, as it has proven itself in practice:

- Nihon Jutsu
- Glima
- wrestling
- Luta Livre
- Aikido
- Aiki jujutsu
- Daito-ryu
- Shuaijiao

What is allowed with grappling techniques in competitions?

There are different ones numerous competitions in ground fighting. However, these are made up of the different grappling styles. Punches and kicks are only permitted to a limited extent during grappling, depending on the martial art in question. In judo, for example, these are strictly forbidden. This martial arts is limited to handholds, task and grip techniques.

However, if it is an MMA-style competition, punching and kicking techniques are permitted. Luta Livre as well as various sub-styles of Sambo belong to the martial arts that include grappling and allow punches and kicks.

Last updated on November 1st, 2020 / Affiliate Links / Images from the Amazon Product Advertising API