Where do bonsai trees grow

Bonsai History, Types & Care Tips

Bonsais are no longer only in demand in Asia, they have also enjoyed growing popularity in Germany for many years. But what is meant by a bonsai and what exactly is it that makes these special types of plants so popular?

The terminology "Bonsai" comes from the Japanese usage. It stands "Receipt" For Tray, plate or bowl, and "Sai" translated means something like Tree or plant. While many people consider the bonsai to be a tree that is too small, the real experts agree: A bonsai is an artfully conceptualized element that stands out from conventional trees in a variety of ways. In the most positive sense. The older a bonsai is, the more it gains in value.

In fact, a bonsai is one relic from the ancient era of japan, in which traditions in the truest sense of the word were still firmly “rooted” in the minds and hearts of the people of Japan. In addition, the art of bonsai cultivation is still very important in Japan, Indonesia, India, Vietnam and China.

Bonsai trees: These types exist

There is no such thing as “that” special type of bonsai. Rather, bonsai trees are one special form of plant cultivation & design, in which trees and bushes are grown in bowls or adequate vessels and shaped accordingly decoratively over a certain period of time. The aesthetic shaping of the plant and keeping it small is done either as a so-called leaf cut, as a root cut or as a basic shape cut. Bonsais are - depending on their type and nature - both as Indoor-Plant available, as well as suitable for the planting of outdoor facilities, although I must clearly say that the indoor bonsai are not as aesthetic as the Outdoor bonsai Sorts. Only a few not so beautiful bonsai are suitable for indoor use as Ficus Retusa.

Where does the bonsai come from?

InEuropean climes are focused on efficient and sustainable cultivation in the first place woody houseplants used, whereby small-leaved species such as the classic ficus have proven to be particularly robust. The ficus is considered to be relatively undemanding, so that especially botany friends who are just starting out with bonsai cultivation are very happy to fall back on this type of plant. However, if the bonsai culture is to be based as closely as possible on old Asian traditions, then one draws among experts, among other things, the Japanese apricotse that Chinese elm or also selected ones Pine species or certain Fruit tree species into consideration. Furthermore, juniper, beech or certain maple tree species are suitable for the cultivation of bonsai trees. Their outstanding properties are the pronounced woody texture and the mostly rather small-leaved growth. These aspects are not least important when it comes to growing a bonsai that can thrive permanently in a bowl and that you can enjoy for many years.

How big do bonsai trees get?

Classic bonsai plants made for the IndoorRange are grown, usually reach a size of around 20 centimeters up to 2 meters. Outdoors-Bonsais, on the other hand, can easily be two to 12 meters reach in gardens. The possible height depends heavily on the environmental conditions, the cutting techniques used and the frequency of casting.

How old can bonsais get?

Bonsai trees are in view of the particular complexity of their cultivation and care in terms of the expected lifespan very much dependent on the external circumstances. Too frequent watering, too little sun, too cool temperatures or too little humidity have a detrimental effect on the very sensitive plants. Incidentally, the more sensitive a tree is, the more susceptible it is to any pest infestation.

At proper care and provided that the Ambient temperature as well as the humidity and last but not least the intensity of the Exposure to sunlight If the high demands of the bonsai are fully met right from the start, then it is quite possible that the plant several hundred years old becomes! This phenomenon can be observed relatively often in Asian countries in particular, as the bonsai craft has already been perfected here.

This is how it works - the right bonsai care

Anyone who thinks that caring for bonsai trees is complicated and cumbersome is wrong. Rather, it mainly depends on two or three things to consider. In this regard, among other things, are the right ones irrigation and fertilization, the professional Repot and choosing the optimal one Parking space in the foreground. The preferred Temperature conditions move in the range of about 20 to 30 degrees Celsius, and the Humidity should 70 to 90 percent not fall below. If the bonsai is exposed to the sun for around 10 to 12 hours per day, this also has a particularly positive effect on the lifespan.

It is worth knowing that generally no general care instructions can be given. Rather, it is important to pay attention to the individual needs of the respective bonsai species from the start.

Classic bonsai trees feel most comfortable in Austrian regions when they get a place in a well-tempered environment in which they are exposed to sunlight as directly as possible. Window sills, cornices or winter gardens are particularly suitable here. Then again there are the bonsai trees, which are only intended for planting in the home garden or in parks. If these wonderful outdoor trees were to be "converted" into indoor plants, their lifespan could be shortened accordingly. The same applies to these bonsai species: the more sunlight, the better.

How much water does a bonsai need and how often should it be watered?

With a view to the correct watering, it is essential to pay attention to which type of bonsai it is. And the size is also important. Certainly it is best to take the tree To water a little every day. On top of that, attention must be paid to the nature of the soil. The earth may for example never completely dry but ideally it should always feel a little damp. This is always a good prerequisite for healthy and sustainable bonsai growth. So it is essential to check the moisture level of the soil carefully every day and to give the bonsai tree some water if necessary.

Experienced bonsai professionals, however, proceed a little differently when watering their "favorites":
While beginners primarily supply their bonsai with water in order to keep it as permanent as possible, real experts are even able to influence the size of the leaves or the length of the needles - depending on the variety - through targeted watering.

The conceptual design of the soil substrate plays an equally important role with regard to “species-appropriate” irrigation. Ideally, a bonsai is only watered when the top layer of the flooring has dried off. Experience has shown that it makes little sense to check the state of dryness only with a "sense of proportion", because mostly - depending on the substrate used - the true moisture content can only be identified by checking the soil conditions with your finger.


Basically, owners of bonsai trees should value one right from the start the highest possible quality substrat lay, such as the Japanese products Kanuma or Kiryu. Particularly inexpensive no-name products dry very quickly on the surface, whereas the lower layers dry only with difficulty. As a result, the bonsai may be watered too often and waterlogging will soon develop: This is often the death sentence for the little tree ...

Cut the bonsai properly and shape it

One of the characteristic features of bonsai trees is their unique growth or specific shape. This does not come about by itself, but it is necessary to put the bonsai in prune at regular intervals. Of course, “just any” cutting tool is not used for this, but one is recommended special bonsai scissors or a pair of pliers that can be purchased from specialist retailers. However, if it is possible to use Japanese cutters, then it is worthwhile to fall back on these high-quality products.

Type and frequency of cuts

The type and frequency of the cuts will affect the growth of the bonsai, bearing in mind that not every cut is equally suitable for every tree! If the bonsai is pruned frequently, but only to a minor extent, then low growth can be assumed. It makes sense to prune the bonsai in larger time intervals, but removes all the more larger plant branches. In this way, growth is sustainably stimulated, which not least has an impact on the lifespan.

It is advisable to cut the bonsai in either the Months of May or June to be carried out - every two years. If the bonsai plant is characterized by particularly strong growth, it can easily be pruned weeks later if necessary.


Just At the end of May or beginning of June the "cuts" heal especially good with bonsai. If you want to remove larger branches, you should use what are known as concave scissors. Thanks to the straight and very precise cut achieved with this, the wounds on the branches and twigs can grow closed more quickly.

The right cutting techniques:

It is not primarily important to remove dead or dry branches, but rather by pruning - ideally with medium-sized bonsai or leaf shears - that Stimulates growth and the direction of growth of the bonsai can be specified.

Cutting techniques

  • Regardless of whether the leaves are trimmed in full or in half: it is important to leave the stems standing.
  • When pruning the branches, cut back to the first bud.
  • If branches are removed that do not correspond to the desired direction of growth, they should be cut off above the last shoot at the end of the branch. Every carefully removed twig or branch helps to stimulate the growth of new flowers and thus to make the crown of the bonsai tree more and more full and blooming over time.

Pests and diseases

What to do if the leaves of the bonsai suddenly turn yellow or if the foliage gradually falls off? Then this can either be due to a pest infestation or an improper water supply. In the case of robust plants, this deficit can usually be compensated for by intensive care; sensitive plants perish relatively quickly under these “watered down” circumstances.
Typical bonsai pests are maggots, grubs or similar vermin in the soil that surrounds the bonsai. In addition, under a classic pest infestation on bonsai sometimes Sawfly, leafhopper, mites, scale or aphids to observe. If necessary, these can be eliminated by adding detergent to stale water and spraying this mixture onto the leaves.

With a special one Fungicides virus and fungal diseases on the bonsai can be efficiently eliminated.


The healthier and more robust the bonsai, the less disease and pests can harm it. Therefore is one Proper care is essential - right from the start!