What is claustrophobia

Claustrophobia: Signs and Causes of the Disorder

Mentally put yourself in the following scenario: You want to enter an elevator. Suddenly you come over Anxiety and panic, you start to shiver and sweat. Anxiety and flight thoughts reign in your head. All you want is: away. Somebody who suffers from claustrophobia experiences exactly that when he is with narrow, closed and crowded spaces or crowds is faced. But what is behind this phobia and how can you overcome it? You can read that in this post.

What is claustrophobia?

Claustrophobes suffer from fear of spacewhich means that they are very afraid of confined spaces. These include, for example Elevators, public transport or tunnels. They also overcome anxiety when they have to be in a large crowd. Claustrophobia is one of them Anxiety disorders and is considered a specific phobia. Studies assume that around seven percent of the population are affected. Not to be confused with agoraphobia (claustrophobia). This is shown by fear of open, wide spaces.

How does claustrophobia show?

Show claustrophobic people excessive fear of crowds or enclosed spaces. As soon as you get into a situation that arouses fear in you, physical reactions occur. These are for example Sweats, racing heart as well as suffocating and oppressive feelings. Such fear-inducing scenarios are often accompanied by panic attacks. What do claustrophobics fear? Either, to suffocate or to be locked in. Even if those affected know that the anxiety is unfounded, they cannot control it. That is why they avoid such threatening situations as much as possible. Which creates a vicious circle and limits everyday life enormously.

Here is an overview of the most common symptoms that claustrophobics experience:

What are the causes of claustrophobia?

The reasons for this mental illness are many:

  • Threatening situations
  • Often times, an experience that terrifies someone can trigger a claustrophobia. For example if you have in the past Accidentally locked in an elevator or other room that could be the breeding ground for a fear of space. If you are helplessly at the mercy of something, it leads to anxiety. These are accompanied by palpitations and sweats. your The brain stores this and sounds the alarm in similar situations. Regardless of whether this poses a real danger or not.

  • Predisposition to claustrophobia
  • Basically we differ from birth in our fearfulness. So how fast you do Feeling fear is part of who you are. In addition, there is the genetic predisposition and how your caregivers deal with fear-inducing or normal situations. You learn from it and adapt their behavior. All of these can help determine whether you develop a mental illness, such as a phobia.

  • Neurobiological causes
  • There is one for that Meta-study from the University of Cape Town. Researchers have found the following: Do people suffer from a specific phobia, your brain reacts more strongly to fear-inducing stimuli. In anxious patients, certain areas of the brain are more active. These include the right thalamus, cerebellum, and left amygdala. In summary, this means that some people are more prone to anxiety disorders.

  • Fear without a specific cause
  • However, there are also people with whom the phobia is slowly emerging without an apparent trigger in the past. If so, the reasons for this mental illness are largely unexplained.

How is space anxiety treated?

Claustrophobic people can breathe easy: The Anxiety disorder is well treatable with therapy. All you have to do is seek appropriate help. In a therapy you discuss, for example, which situations trigger anxiety and panic attacks in you. It is checked which thought patterns are behind it. This procedure will used in cognitive behavioral therapy. Exposure therapy is also considered an effective method. This is about putting yourself in the scary situation. So be positive experiences saved by seeing that nothing happens to you.

Even if you can contribute a lot yourself Overcome your fears, it is advisable when you put yourself in the therapeutic hands. Because these are experts who carefully guide you through the fear. Imagine if you could go anywhere again and do what you want. Without fear, without panic and without physical symptoms. How does that sound to you? With psychological help, this can be done again sooner than you can possibly imagine.


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